Passive Two Objects‏‎ in English Grammar

Sentence Structure

Martha, Lucy, cakeThe most common sentence‏‎ structure in English‏‎ is SVO‏‎ or

{subject} + {verb} + {object}

Lucy + baked + a cake.

As you can see, it has just one object. However, sometimes a sentence will have two objects which are known as the direct object and the indirect object:

{subject} + {verb} + {indirect object} + {direct object}

Lucy + gave + Gran + the cake.

Or alternatively:

{subject} + {verb} + {direct object} + [to/for] + {indirect object}

Lucy + gave + the cake + to + Gran.

Passive Voice with Two Objects

If yo need to, you can sometimes make two different passive sentences if the original has two objects:

{direct object} + {passive verb} + {indirect object} …

The cake was given to Gran [by Lucy].

{indirect object} + {passive verb} + {direct object} …

Gran was given the cake [by Lucy].

Which one of these you choose will depend on the emphasis you want to give. If the cake is more important then choose the first; if Gran is more important then choose the second.

Useful Links

Direct & Indirect Objects in English Grammar – what we mean by these two terms

SVO‏‎ – Subject Verb Object – the usual sentence pattern in English

Passive Voice‏‎ in English – an introduction to the passive voice

Image © Tim Pierce

Related Articles

6 Tips to Make your ESL Classes More Effective

Teaching is undeniably a challenging job, in fact many consider it one of the most difficult careers you could choose. Nevertheless, being a teacher is an enriching experience. Through quality education and effective teaching methodologies,...

read more

ICAL TEFL Resources

The ICAL TEFL site has thousands of pages of free TEFL resources for teachers and students. These include: The TEFL ICAL Grammar Guide. Country Guides for teaching around the world. How to find TEFL jobs. How to teach English. TEFL Lesson Plans....

read more

0 Comments